Imagine that you are working with a mobile crane. When the crane is parked and the outriggers are extended, one outrigger always drifts into the cylinder body. This leaves the crane sitting at a slight angle.
What could the cause of this problem be? And how will you find and fix it as efficiently as possible?
The best way to get started is to quickly review the major circuit components. This particular crane uses a very simple outrigger circuit.
A positive displacement pump pushes fluid past a relief valve, then through a directional control valve into the active side of the cylinder. Fluid leaving the other side of the cylinder passes back through the directional control valve, and is filtered before returning to the tank. The blind end of the cylinder features a pilot operated (p.o.) check valve. This check valve is only piloted open when there is flow to the rod-end side of the cylinder.
The very basics of a cylinder include the cylinder barrel (or tube), gland, rod and piston. The piston should have a piston seal; a small ring that maintains a seal against the cylinder barrel as the rod extends and retracts.
It is this piston seal that keeps the two chambers of the cylinder (rod-end chamber and blind-end chamber) sealed into separate pressure zones.
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