Session Listing

A complete list of all the subjects we cover.

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20 Electrical Sessions

Basic Electrical Concepts

Updated March, 20184 Materials

When studying electrical circuits, you need to start with the fundamentals: Voltage, Current, and Resistance.

Learn about: Current, Voltage, Energy Conversion, Power, Ohms, Resistance, Ohm's Law, and a whole lot more.


Updated December, 20185 Materials

Ready to learn about the CAN Bus Protocol.

Learn about: Check Field, Non-Return to Zero Inverted, Bus, Message Frame, Node, End Field, Controller, and a whole lot more.


Updated January, 20174 Materials

Welcome to the session on electrical connectors.

Learn about: Control, Pin/Plug, Hirschmann, Amphenol, Male, Solder Joint, Screw, and a whole lot more.


Updated July, 20195 Materials

Learn to use your multimeter to test a diode.

Learn about: NPN, P-type, Bias, Light Emitting Diodes, Electrical, LED, Semiconductor, and a whole lot more.

Electrical Hazards & Safety

Updated March, 20183 Materials

Even low voltage systems can seriously injure or even kill.

Learn about: , Electrocution, Electrically Insulated Footwear, Electrical PPE, Electrical Safety, Flame Resistant, Hazards, and a whole lot more.

Electrical Measurements

Updated January, 20174 Materials

Digital Multimeters (DMM) are one of the most powerful tools available to electricians.

Learn about: Voltage Test, Test For Blown Fuse, Ammeter, Resistance Test, Digital Multimeter, Voltmeter, Fluke Meter, and a whole lot more.

Flow Sensors

Updated July, 20183 Materials

Both the electromagnetic flow meter and the mass flow meter measure flow without adding a turbine or a restriction to the mix.

Learn about: Mag Flow Meter, Rate, Flow, Conductive, Magnetic Field, Mass Flow Measuring System, Electrodes, and a whole lot more.

Fuses & Circuit Breakers

Updated January, 20172 Materials

This mini-session gives you a quick overview of these critical circuit protection devices.

Learn about: Blown Fuse, Electrical Circuit Protection, Fast acting fuse, Fuse Test, Digital Multimeter, Slow blow fuse, Testing Fuses, and a whole lot more.

Interpreting Electrical Schematics

Updated January, 20174 Materials

Schematics don't need to be confusing.

Learn about: IES, Standard, Bus, Electrician, NEMA, Connection, Electrical Schematic, and a whole lot more.

Open & Short Circuit Faults

Updated April, 20197 Materials

In this session, you'll apply electrical principles to troubleshooting.

Learn about: Digital Multimeter, Electrician, Open Circuit Fault, Short Circuit, Skill, Open Circuit, Hydraulic Loader Fault, and a whole lot more.

Position Sensors

Updated March, 202110 Materials

Inductive, Capacitive, Photoelectric and Ultrasonic proximity sensors are covered in this session.

Learn about: Through-Beam, Diffuse, Capacitive, Nominal Range, Inductive, Retroreflective, Photoelectric, and a whole lot more.

Pressure Sensors

Updated July, 201810 Materials

Pressure sensing can be done with one of several kinds of technologies.

Learn about: Wheatstone Bridge, Vacuum, Pressure Sensor, Variable Capacitance Sensor, Piezoelectric Sensors, Pascal, Strain Gauges, and a whole lot more.


Updated September, 20187 Materials

Relays are demystified in this interactive lesson.

Learn about: Electrical Circuit, System, Single Pole Double Throw, Throw, Pole, Troubleshooting, Switch, and a whole lot more.


Updated January, 20173 Materials

Transistors are the focus of this session, plus you'll learn how to prevent damage to these sensitive components.

Learn about: Semiconductor, Maintenance, Transistor, Metal Oxide Varistor, Troubleshooting, Electrostatic Discharge, ESD, and a whole lot more.

Sensor Basics

Updated October, 201915 Materials

Sensors are everywhere in our electrical world.

Learn about: Lower Range Value, NPN, Upper Range Value, Normalizing, Sensor, Span, Sourcing, and a whole lot more.

Series & Parallel Circuit Basics

Updated August, 20199 Materials

Series and parallel circuits are at the heart of every electrical system.

Learn about: Electrician, Kirchoff's Voltage Law, Industrial Maintenance, Series, Parallel, KVL, Electrical Circuit, and a whole lot more.

Starting & Charging Systems

Updated January, 20173 Materials

Dig into mobile electrical circuits with this session on starting and charging systems.

Learn about: 24V, 12V, Battery, Troubleshooting, Equalizer, Alternator, Starter, and a whole lot more.


Updated July, 201913 Materials

Switches are one of most common control elements used in electrical circuit design.

Learn about: Push Button, 3 Way Switching, Selector, Normally Closed, Switch, Normally Open, N.C., and a whole lot more.

Variable Resistors

Updated January, 20175 Materials

Potentiometers vs.

Learn about: 2 lead, Resistance, wiper, Variable Resistor, Rheostat, Potentiometer, AC temperature control, and a whole lot more.

Waveforms & Signal Generation

Updated February, 20219 Materials

Direct current is common in low voltage systems, but as soon as you start working with high voltage, you'll need to know about alternating current.

Learn about: Sin Wave, Volts, PWM, Hertz, Alternating Current, Analog Control, Voltage, and a whole lot more.

24 Hydraulics Sessions

Cartridge Valves

Updated July, 20205 Materials

In this session you'll find an in-depth introduction to slip-in cartridge valves.

Learn about: relief valves, active control, valve cover plate, two-port slip-in cartridge valves, check valves, area ratio, throttle valves, and a whole lot more.

Counterbalance Valves

Updated September, 20197 Materials

Counterbalance valves allow raised loads to be lowered safely, with a minimum of wasted energy.

Learn about: Runaway Load, Load Holding, Counterbalance Valve, Raised Load, Adjusting a Counterbalance Valve, Motion Control, Safety, and a whole lot more.

Cross-Port Relief Valves

Updated February, 20205 Materials

Cross-port relief valves expand on the standard relief valve to control otherwise destructive pressures created by external forces acting against an actuator.

Learn about: Braking Valves, Regenerative, Overpressure, Cross-Port Relief Valves, Flywheel Mass, and a whole lot more.

Electro-Hydraulic Valves

Updated June, 20208 Materials

Enter the world of electro-hydraulic valves in this session.

Learn about: moog, electro-hydraulic valves, servo valves, proportional valves, and a whole lot more.

Fixed & Variable Displacement Pumps

Updated February, 202134 Materials

If you have questions about hydraulic pumps, this is the session for you.

Learn about: Unbalanced Vane Pump, Fixed Displacement, Swash Plate, Driven Gear, Variable Displacement, Wear, Gerotor, and a whole lot more.

Flow & Directional Control Valves

Updated January, 202135 Materials

This session is absolutely packed with fun lessons and interactive animations.

Learn about: Spool, Troubleshooting, TSTP, DCV, Port, Three Section Valves, Choke, and a whole lot more.

Fluid Power Basics

Updated September, 20188 Materials

If you're looking for the starting point in your study of hydraulics, this is it.

Learn about: Viscosity, Surface Area, Hydraulic, Litres Per Minute, Force, lpm, Area, and a whole lot more.

Hydraulic Accessories

Updated June, 202011 Materials

This session covers a handful of hydraulic accessories.

Learn about: Dynamic Threads, Filtration, Poppet, Precharge, Brackets, Complete Threads, Contamination, and a whole lot more.

Hydraulic Actuators

Updated January, 202114 Materials

Linear and rotary actuators are the muscles of a hydraulic system.

Learn about: Semi-Rotary Actuators, Rod, TSTP, Rotary Actuator, Rod End, Troubleshooting, Piston, and a whole lot more.

Hydraulic Hazards & Safety

Updated January, 20173 Materials

Safe working habits around hydraulic systems save lives.

Learn about: Zero Energy State, Hose and Fitting Failure, System Adjustment Hazards, Safety, Pinch Points, Heat, Unexpected Motion, and a whole lot more.

Hydraulic Schematic Symbols

Updated October, 202010 Materials

Schematic symbol reading is a vital troubleshooting skill.

Learn about: manifold line, pilot line, drafting, Schematic symbols, spring, ball valve, hydraulic pilot, and a whole lot more.

Hydraulic Steering

Updated September, 20196 Materials

This session will go into detail on hydraulic power steering and how it works.

Learn about: Hand Metering Unit, power steering, steering valve, orbitrol, hydraulic steering, HMU, and a whole lot more.

Hydrostatic (Closed Loop) Systems

Updated July, 202017 Materials

Get right into the design of closed loop systems with colourful graphics and detailed drawings.

Learn about: Hot Oil Shuttle Valve, Direct Linkage, Cross Port Relief, Hot Loop, Heat, Closed Loop, Pressure Compensated Pump, and a whole lot more.

Load Sensing Pumps

Updated August, 202018 Materials

This animated and interactive session takes the mystery out of load sense.

Learn about: Margin Pressure, LS, Piston Pump, Pressure Differential, Load Sensing Compensator, Hunting, Equilibrium, and a whole lot more.

Open & Closed Center Systems

Updated July, 202010 Materials

This session tackles the differences and similarities between open and closed center systems.

Learn about: Open Loop, Sectional Valve Bank, Closed Loop, Mobile, Closed Center, Open Center, and a whole lot more.

Parallel & Series Systems

Updated March, 202019 Materials

Parallel and Series circuits behave very differently.

Learn about: Series Circuits, Restriction, Path of Least Resistance, Parallel Circuits, Load, Branch, System Pressure, and a whole lot more.

Pilot Controllers

Updated April, 20203 Materials

Whether you're using a joystick to raise or swing a boom, or floor pedals for forward or reverse track motion, you're interacting with a pilot controller.

Learn about: Pilot Valve, Hydraulic Control, Manual Pilot Control, Joysticks, Control Stick, Pilot Controllers, and a whole lot more.

Positive & Non-Positive Pumping

Updated August, 202015 Materials

Positive and Non-Positive Pumping tackles the differences between the two types of systems, and the design and maintenance needs of each.

Learn about: Restriction, Air, Cavitation, Charge Pump, Non Positive Displacement, Void Bubbles, Aeration, and a whole lot more.

Pressure & Flow

Updated February, 202024 Materials

This session gets you started with a solid foundation on pressure and flow basics.

Learn about: Resistance, Slippage, Velocity, Hydraulic Pressure, Positive Displacement Pump, Flow Rate, Gauge, and a whole lot more.

Pressure Reducing Valves

Updated June, 20207 Materials

Pressure reducing valves function very differently than relief valves, even though their schematic symbols look very similar.

Learn about: Downstream Pressure, Pressure Reducing Valve, Direct Acting, Normally Closed, Pilot Operated, Pressure, and a whole lot more.

Pressure Relief Valves

Updated September, 202029 Materials

Jump into relief valves with this colorful session.

Learn about: limit maximum system pressure, setting pressure, relief valves, balanced relief valve, pressure spikes, pilot, cartridge, and a whole lot more.

Sequence Valves

Updated December, 20205 Materials

Sequence valves are used on many machines to coordinate hydraulic functions.

Learn about: Order, Pressure, Sequence, Hydraulic, Sub-Circuit, Valve, Training, and a whole lot more.

Troubleshooting Processes

Updated January, 20177 Materials

Troubleshooting a hydraulic system can be a demanding and tricky task.

Learn about: Downtime, Failure, Hit or Miss, easy-to-check order, Guess and Check, TSTP, Ten Step Troubleshooting Process, and a whole lot more.

Unloading Valves

Updated January, 20207 Materials

Unloading valves are often confused with relief valves, but they play a unique role in hydraulic systems.

Learn about: Pressure Pump , Unloading Valve, Balanced Relief Valve, External Pilot Section, Pressure, Fast Approach Slow Feed Circuit, High-Low Circuit, and a whole lot more.

22 Machinery Sessions

Aerial Work Platforms

Updated April, 20201 Material

The world of the aerial work platform (AWP) or the mobile elevated work platform (MEWP) includes a group of machines that are very popular in construction and building maintenance.

Learn about: Slab Scissor Lift, Aerial Work Platform, MEWP, AWP, Scissor Lift Hydraulics, Mobile Elevated Work Platform, and a whole lot more.

Blast Hole Drills

Updated March, 20183 Materials

This session gets you right into the hydraulic circuit sections in a common blast hole drill.

Learn about: Propel, Diverter, Drill, Holdback, Hydraulic Circuit, Brakes, Animation, and a whole lot more.

Cat Excavators

Updated March, 20203 Materials

Familiarize yourself with the inner workings of excavator hydraulic systems that are specific to Caterpillar.

Learn about: 385C, CAT, Bucket Circuit, Swing Circuit, Excavator, Boom Circuit, Caterpillar, and a whole lot more.

Cat Haul Trucks

Updated January, 20213 Materials

Explore Caterpillar haul trucks with a couple animated circuits in this session.

Learn about: Simulations, Haul Truck, Hoist Circuit, Steering Circuit, and a whole lot more.

Coal Stacker-Reclaimer

Updated July, 20202 Materials

Coal stacker-reclaimers are used to either receive coal or to stockpile it.

Learn about: Coal, Mining Equipment, Stacker, Hoist Circuit, Reclaimer, and a whole lot more.

Coiled Tubing Units

Updated January, 202120 Materials

This session is specific to coiled tubing units and problems related to injector chain tension and traction.

Learn about: injector traction, chain tension, coiled tubing, hydraulic faults , Coil tubing injector, and a whole lot more.

Concrete Pump

Updated November, 20194 Materials

This session is all about truck-mounted concrete pumps.

Learn about: cement, truck, duplex plunger pump, concrete, and a whole lot more.

Deere-Hitachi Excavators & Shovels

Updated April, 202022 Materials

In the world of excavators & shovels, there are a lot of specialized hydraulic components used to solve problems specific to such large mobile machinery.

Learn about: pump controller, pump regulator, Electro-hydraulic control valve, EHC Valve, heavy machinery, solenoid valves, and a whole lot more.


Updated December, 202013 Materials

Enjoy this collection of videos and simulations about Graders, such as the Caterpillar H Series and the M Series.

Learn about: Implements, Cat Grader Schematics, 24H Series, Brakes, Caterpillar Hydraulics, Steering, 24M Series, and a whole lot more.

Hydraulic Governor

Updated April, 20182 Materials

The governor is a critical component in hydroelectric dams.

Learn about: regulate, governor, power, dam, hydraulic, electricity, hydroelectric, and a whole lot more.

Komatsu Haul Trucks

Updated July, 20208 Materials

Check this session out for a bundle of 830E and 930E Live Schematics, plus a 3D video.

Learn about: Steering, 930E, Split Spool Section, Brakes, Hoist, 830E, Live Schematic, and a whole lot more.

Liebherr Haul Trucks

Updated January, 20212 Materials

Interact with and learn about Liebherr haul trucks with a few live schematics in this session.

Learn about: Cooling Circuit, Haul Truck, Hoist Circuit, Simulations, and a whole lot more.


Updated February, 20209 Materials

Get to know your way around the hydraulics on a loader with the advanced simulations in this sessions.

Learn about: Lift, Bucket, Boom, Loader Schematic, Mobile Equipment Hydraulic, Front-End Loader, Wheel Loader, and a whole lot more.

Lube Systems

Updated September, 20192 Materials

Keeping bearings and gears lubricated in a production environment often involves a pumped lubricant.

Learn about: Simulation, Lubricant, Hydraulic Lube Systems, Bearings, and a whole lot more.

Mobile Equipment Air Compressors

Updated December, 20194 Materials

This session is an introduction to some mobile pneumatic system basics.

Learn about: piston compressor, Mobile pneumatics, air governor, and a whole lot more.

Oilfield Cementing

Updated May, 20181 Material

Oilfield cementing has driven industrial process technology to produce many specialized components, which you'll learn about in this session.

Learn about: Mixing Head, Oilfield, Cement Metering Valve, Cementing, Clumping, Slurry, Dust, and a whole lot more.

Oilfield Pumping

Updated June, 20186 Materials

Reciprocating plunger pumps are very common in oilfield pumping.

Learn about: Suction Valve, Re-packing, Triplex, Discharge Valve, Quintuplex, High Pressure Pumping, Maintenance, and a whole lot more.

Paper Machine Reels & Winders

Updated October, 20204 Materials

Paper machines depend on hydraulic systems for precise forces, fast motions, and careful load handling.

Learn about: Nip Guard, Reeling, Calender, Cradle, Paper Machine, Roll Eject, Winding, and a whole lot more.

Pulp Bale & Slab Presses

Updated November, 20205 Materials

Compacting sheet pulp or loose pulp to a bale size that is optimal for shipping requires a massive hydraulic press.

Learn about: pulp and paper, Pulp bale press, and a whole lot more.

Rail Car Dumper

Updated June, 20201 Material

Learn through play about a pulp-chip rail car dumper.

Learn about: low pressure standby, Rail, slip-in cartridge, logic, Pulp and Paper, Car, Dumper, and a whole lot more.


Updated August, 20204 Materials

Sawmills are full of specialized hydraulic and electrical equipment.

Learn about: Conveyor, Belt, Log, Quadrant Feeder, Sawmill, Hydraulic, and a whole lot more.

Truck Dumper

Updated July, 20202 Materials

Step through the operational stages as a truck dumper runs in schematic form.

Learn about: Valve Solenoid Sequence Chart, Truck Dumper, and a whole lot more.

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